Cilento

Cilento is the southern part of Campania in the province of Salerno, from the Gulf of Salerno to Gulf of Policastro, on the border with the Basilicata. The area is restricted to the north by the chain of mountains Alburni and east from Vallo di Diano. Ill name derives from cis Alentum (below dell'Alento "), although the river Alento no longer marks the border.

An extraordinary land that has always fascinated visitors for the beauty of many coastal countries, hills and mountains that keep so untouched beauty and originality of places.
The Cilento has the peculiarity to offer suggestive scenarios and changing in a territory that goes from the mountainous areas of the Cilento National Park at famous seaside resorts on the coast, many of them for years get the Blue Flag and the 4 Sail Legambiente for clarity water, for the unspoiled nature and the excellent accommodation.

     

Cilento is mythology. Just think of the Greek and Roman mythology set on the shores Cilentane: the myth of the Sirens in "Odissea" (Punta Licusa island that inspired Omero), the myth of Palinuro nocchiero of Aeneas (Palinuro is one of the most famous tourist resorts of Cilento) and yet the myth of Jason and the Argonauts (Temple of Hera Argiva at the mouth of the river Sele).

But is the History of Cilento that leaves no doubt about his importance: in this region of Campania are presences of the Paleolithic to Neolithic medium who lived in caves in coastal Cilento in Camerota, in Palinuro, in caves of Castelcivita, in San Giovanni a Piro, and San Marco di Castellabate. In Capaccio and Paestum emerged grave-old Neolithic civilization of the local Gaudo. The discovery of artefacts and tools from "Tavoliere delle Puglie" and from Lipari show also Cilento as the crossroads of trade with other civilizations Apennines, and through the sea with all Nuragic civilization, the Aegean and Mediterranean. Then between the seventh and sixth century BC the Greeks arrived in Cilento. The Sibariti, descendants of the Achaeans, founded Posidonia, now in Roman times Paestum (famous for its temples UNESCO heritage). During the same period at the hands of Focesi, from Asia Minor, was born Elea (later became the Roman Velia), the thriving center near Ascea that was the seat of the Philosophy School "Eleatica" and than medical school which brought home the 'mportant Salernitana Medical School, the mother of modern western medicine.

     

The history of Cilento continues to the present day events from Roman to medieval events (the Principality Lombard in Salerno, the advent of the Benedictine monks, Basiliani and the birth of the Barony with Sanseverino, their revolt to Capaccio in 1242 against Frederick II ), until brigantinaggio and forth "Moti Cilentani" of 1828, with the insurgency against Francis I of France.

Since 1991, following the establishment of the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, a large part of the Cilento is protected. Fall within the protected area around 181,000 hectares of land, 8 mountain communities and 80 municipalities.